Sleep three thousand years, wake up under the sky, known as one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of mankind in the 20th century. Sanxingdui site has an important harvest!
Archaeologists at Sanxingdui site, six new Sanxingdui culture "sacrificial pits". Now unearthed pieces of gold masks, giant bronze masks, bronze tree, ivory and other important cultural relics more than 500.
In the newly discovered fifth pit, Sanxingdui archaeological excavations unearthed a large number of gold products, including a unique gold mask. Compared with the gold masks unearthed in the No .1 and No .2 pits of Sanxingdui site, the newly unearthed gold masks are particularly heavy and distinctive.
What is a three-star pile?
Sanxingdui site discovery process, quite story.
In 1929, a farmer in Sichuan stumbled upon a pile of fine jade. Since then ," sleeping "thousands of years of Sanxingdui site exposed the tip of the iceberg, the mystery of Chinese historical civilization is gradually unveiled.
In 1934, Ge Weihan, then curator of the Museum of West China University, organized a team of archaeologists to excavate more than 600 pieces of pottery, stone tools and jade near the "cellar" of the suspected jade.
The excavation of the two sacrificial pits in Sanxingdui began in 1986. When the brick factory workers work, dug out the "jade knife ", after research, the brick factory workers called the" knife "things are originally jade, jade Zhang and other things.
Soon, with the approval of the State Administration of Cultural relics, archaeological excavations began rapidly ," No .1 pit "one after another found gold staff, gold masks, bronze heads, jade and other cultural relics, a total of 420 pieces of precious objects such as copper, gold, jade and so on.
As the excavation of the No .1 sacrificial pit came to an end, the No .2 sacrificial pit was also discovered, and a larger treasure house opened. In 1986, we discovered the "sacrificial pits" of No .1 and No .2, unearthed more than a thousand precious cultural relics, such as bronze statues, bronze figures, bronze gods, gold masks, staff, big jade Zhang, ivory and so on. Most of the cultural relics have never been seen before, revealing a new bronze culture.
Sanxingdui ancient site covers an area of 12 square kilometers and has a history of 5000 to 3000 years. It is the largest and longest lasting ancient city, ancient country and ancient Shu cultural site found in southwest China so far. Sanxingdui ancient ruins are also known as "one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of mankind in the 20th century ".
What are the unsolved mysteries of Sanxingdui?
Although the archaeological excavations of Sanxingdui are more abundant today, there are still many unsolved mysteries.
For example, what is the specific age of the Sanxingdui site? Although archaeologists have roughly determined that the age of the site is the Xia and Shang dynasties, which has a history of more than 3000 years, the specific time still needs further study.
These unsolved mysteries need further archaeological excavations. Through these archaeological discoveries, let us know more about the history of China and the history of the development of Chinese culture.
Edited by Baoyang from Shanghai Beihaimandarin