Tea knowledge


Tea knowledge | tea ceremony and tea art

Tea ceremony, tea art is not only the form of tea culture is also the core of tea culture, tea ceremony, tea art form a certain program, as the operation rules of tea practitioners, with easy to learn and spread functions, such as Gongfu tea, Longjing tea ceremony, Bai three tea, the core is in it, is their expression of the content, spiritual realm.

1. Tea ceremony
What is tea ceremony? The principle, method and rules of drinking tea. Tea ceremony is a secondary cultural phenomenon that tea culture develops to a certain stage.

1.1 Etymology of tea ceremony
The word tea ceremony was first found in the Tang Dynasty poetry monk Jiao ran has a miscellaneous ancient style poem "tea song? Cui stone to make you "cloud ," Yue people left me a stream of tea, the collection of gold bud and gold tripod. Plain porcelain snow color foam incense, what like the fairy Qiongrui pulp. A drink clean sleep, love to the world. Drink my god again, suddenly like rain sprinkle light dust. Three drinks will get the way, why bother to break trouble. Do not know this thing, the world drink more self-deception. Autumn to see Bizhuo urn night, smile to see under the hedge. Cui Hou sips the meaning unceasingly, crazy song an amazing ear. Who knows the true tea ceremony, only Danqiu so. Another "Feng Shi Wen Ji" cloud "because of Hung-chien's theory embellished, so tea ceremony big Yes, Wang Gong dynasty, all drink tea.

Feng Yan is a scholar from Tang Tianbao to Zhenyuan, which is the first time in the world.
Before the Tang Dynasty, as the late Tang Dynasty poet Pi Rixiu said, said that tea drinkers "and husband vegetables and sipping is the same, tea and cooking soup, of course, there is no tea ceremony. To the middle of the Tang Dynasty, since Lu Yu's "Tea Sutra" came out, such as the seal of "Wen Zhi Ji" recorded, Hung-chien for the "Tea Sutra ", said the efficacy of tea and fried tea, the method of tea, making tea set 24," so the tea ceremony big line. In Tang Dynasty, the monks were skilled in tea art by planting and making tea, while the literati and officials were creative and artistic and theoretical. At that time, the thought of tea ceremony gathered the spirit of Confucianism and Buddhism, and advocated the practice of tea. Tea drinkers should be "frugal" "People "(" the beginning of the Tea Classic "), through the harmonious, moderate, indifferent ideological content, emphasizing tea self-study introspection. This is the tea ceremony of the Tang Dynasty. After the tea ceremony was passed on and spread to foreign countries, after crossing to Japan in the east, the Japanese tea ceremony was formed after the combination of Japanese and Japanese culture.

1.2 Concept of tea ceremony
Many scholars study tea ceremony culture. Professor Chen Xiangbai, Department of History, Chaozhou Normal University, believes that tea ceremony is the crystallization of tea drinking art, which is based on "taste ". It shows elegance, expresses etiquette, symbolizes friendship, reflects quality and expresses itself. Mr. Cai Rongzhang of Taiwan's Luyu Tea Art Center believes that tea ceremony refers to the method, function and artistic conception of tea tasting. The tea ceremony is the crystallization of tea culture. Chinese tea ceremony is deeply rooted in Chinese culture and has strong national characteristics. It not only attaches importance to the artistic ability of tea drinking, but also attaches importance to the natural environment, interpersonal relationship and tea person mentality when drinking tea;  It takes the ancient Chinese philosophy as the guiding ideology and the traditional national virtue as the pursuit goal.

2.Tea ceremony
2.1 Etymology of tea art

In order to promote the development of tea culture and inject humanistic spirit as the main theme, after repeated thinking and discussion, the new term "tea art" was created to avoid the suspicion of imitating Japanese tea ceremony. In the same year, the tea art association was established in Taiwan (1976-1977).

Taiwan's first tea house appeared in 1976. Since then, China's Kung Fu Teahouse has emerged, to 90 years Taiwan has more than 1000. Chinese teahouse has a long history, but the tea tasting place named after the tea house, Fujian Museum tea house was the first in the mainland at that time. At present only Fuzhou tea house, tea house there are hundreds.

 2.2 Concept of tea art
Tea art is a kind of tea culture with the unity of form and spirit, including the aesthetic conception of the whole tea tasting process, such as evaluation, operation means of appreciating art and beautiful environment of tea tasting. It tends to focus on the enjoyment of life art, in addition to pay attention to tea brewing method etiquette and utensils, pay more attention to different tea color, fragrance, taste taste, and in the process of drinking tea self-cultivation, pay attention to tea in the interpersonal relationship. Tea is often called tea as a drink to quench thirst. "Tea tasting" fine taste of tea, tea as the art of life to enjoy it, and tea has a different meaning, Song Huizong wrote "Great View Tea Theory ":" sipping Ying Tsui Hua" It has the meaning of tasting tea. And "tea art" pay attention to the quality of tea, brewing skills, tea set play, tea environment and interpersonal relationship.

2.3 Basic types and characteristics of tea art

Chinese tea drinking has a long history, since ancient times, Chinese character tea has its unique characteristics, not only use the natural attributes of tea, but also understand the spiritual attributes of tea, tea drinking culture has a long history, traditional tea types are diverse, with its dominant class and artistic nature, there are literati tea, Zen master tea, rich tea, lady tea, Gongfu tea, children's tea and other six types, all kinds have their specific historical conditions and cultural background imprint. Tea can be divided into green tea, black tea, oolong tea, scented tea, pressed tea, etc. In order to add seasoning can be divided into Qing Yin and drink, Qing Yin can drink tea  True fragrance and true taste, drink according to the nationality, region, customs and different, and different significance. There are two main forms of modern tea art in life, one is leisure tea art, the other is performance tea art, which has different functions in social activities. Leisure tea can be seen everywhere, through the process of tea activities, adjust the state of mind, transfer friendship. Performing tea art is the excavation, collection, arrangement and extraction of tea customs, tea ceremony, tea art or tea ceremony in history and life, which is integrated into modern science and technology, so that it has a certain appreciation. Its types can be divided into national type, local type, court type, scholar type, monastery type, children type, popular science type. It's We all have their own drinking skills and cultural implications, in the process of tea flowing beautiful melody. Oolong tea is especially exquisite in drinking. Tea art is the artistic crystallization of tea drinking style and tea tasting skills, with the profound implication of oriental culture, tea taste Qingfang, tea art flow elegant.